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Мировой секулярный тренд размера наружных половых желез у мужчин: обзор и анализ литературы

https://doi.org/10.21886/2308-6424-2029-8-1-75-91

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Аннотация

Введение. Несмотря на общее увеличение народонаселения, за последние десятилетия отмечается устойчивая мировая тенденция к снижению рождаемости. Исследованиями доказана тенденция к ухудшению качественных и количественных показателей эякулята. Из этого можно предположить также наличие отрицательной динамики в изменении размера мужских половых желез. Тем не менее, информация о тенденциях в изменении размеров яичек в популяции отсутствует.

Цель исследования. Оценка мирового секулярного тренда в аспекте изменения размеров яичек у мужчин.

Материалы и методы. Поиск научных работ на английском и русском языках, оценивающих размер яичек, в Pubmed и eLibrary. Дополнительный поиск в цитируемой литературе идентифицированных исследований. Отбор данных из публикаций с метрическими характеристиками наружных половых желез у относительно здоровых мужчин 18‒60 лет. Полученные данные усреднены и гомогенизированы с использованием формул вычисления объема. Статистическая обработка материала производилась с помощью программы STATISTICA for Windows v.10

Результаты. По результатам поиска идентифицировано 126 работы, опубликованные в период с 1902 по 2018 годы. Анализ публикаций привёл к селекции 33 из них, в которых содержащаяся информация соответствовала заданным критериям. Анализ полученных данных статистически значимых тенденций в изменении объёма яичка за последнее столетие не выявил. Среднее арифметическое взвешенное значение составило 17,43±5,64; 95% ДИ (17,32; 17,54).

Заключение. В свете мировых трендов к снижению фертильности необходимо проведение большего количества различных исследований для понимания природы данного процесса. Стандартизация методов оценки их результатов позволит снизить погрешности и поможет в анализе существующих тенденций.

Об авторах

А. Ю. Сероухов
Базовая больница Тамале
Гана

Александр Юрьевич Сероухов ‒ cпециалист уролог

тел.: +233 50 396 23 35



А. А. Афоко
Университет по Исследованию Проблем Развития
Гана

Акисибадек Алекз Афоко ‒ к.м.н.; консультант уролог, старший лектор



И. Э. Мамаев
ГБУЗ «Городская клиническая больница имени В.М. Буянова Департамента здравоохранения Москвы»; ФГАОУ ВО «Российский национальный исследовательский медицинский университет имени Н.И. Пирогова» Минздрава России
Россия

Ибрагим Энверович Мамаев ‒ заведующий урологическим отделением; к.м.н.; доцент кафедры урологии и андрологии, 



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Для цитирования:


Сероухов А.Ю., Афоко А.А., Мамаев И.Э. Мировой секулярный тренд размера наружных половых желез у мужчин: обзор и анализ литературы. Вестник урологии. 2020;8(1):75-91. https://doi.org/10.21886/2308-6424-2029-8-1-75-91

For citation:


Seroukhov A.Y., Afoko A.A., Mamaev I.E. Global Secular Trend of Gonadal Size in Men: Review and Analysis of Publications. Urology Herald. 2020;8(1):75-91. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.21886/2308-6424-2029-8-1-75-91

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